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Tuesday, December 17, 2013

Outrage in Italy Over ‘Degrading’ Treatment of Migrants Caught on Video

A news report from Italy’s TG2 on images shot covertly by a Syrian migrant showing asylum seekers at a detention center on the island of Lampedusa being hosed down while naked.

Senior Italian officials promised on Tuesday to stop the “degrading treatment” of migrants held in a detention center on the island of Lampedusa, one day after video obtained by the state broadcaster showed asylum seekers being forced to stand naked outdoors as guards hosed them down.

The speaker of Italy’s lower house of Parliament, Laura Boldrini, posted a copy of the footage broadcast Monday night by Italy’s TG2 on her personal website, with the comment, “The way immigrants are being treated at the Lampedusa holding center as documented by TG2 last night is unworthy of a civilized country.”

The Syrian man who shot the footage, identified only as Khalid, told TG2 that detainees were being treated like animals. Having been in the facility for 65 days, he said, it was routine for men and women to undergo the same humiliating treatment every three days to cure scabies, which they caught at the detention center. According to the man’s account, he has been in Lampedusa since Oct. 11, the day that hundreds of Syrians drowned trying to reach the island.

The center, on an island 100 miles off the coast of Sicily, which is closer to Tunisia than to the Italian mainland, is run by a private company on behalf of the state, the Italian news agency ANSA reported.

After the footage was broadcast, Prime Minister Enrico Letta said “those images of Lampedusa shocked me,” and Interior Minister Angelino Alfano told reporters that prosecutors had demanded a report from the private contractor that runs the center within 24 hours. “We will find out who is responsible and we will make them pay,” he said.

Ms. Boldrini, a former spokeswoman for the United Nations’ refugee agency in Italy, wrote that Italians could not be indifferent to the footage revealing poor conditions at the Lampedusa detention center, particularly after the authorities failed to prevent hundreds of migrants from drowning near the island in October.

Last month, an investigation by the Italian magazine L’Espresso concluded that hundreds of Syrian refugees, fleeing the civil war in their country, had drowned on Oct. 11 off the coast of Lampedusa because three distress calls to Italy “were totally ignored.”

The distress calls were made on a satellite phone by Dr. Mohanad Jammo, a Syrian refugee from Aleppo, who recounted the ordeal in English in a devastating video interview posted online by L’Espresso. According to Dr. Jammo, the inaction by the Italian authorities delayed their rescue for hours, by which time hundreds, including his two young sons, had drowned.

Thousands Flee From Fighting in South Sudan

United Nations video on Thursday of civilians in Juba, South Sudan, seeking shelter and witnesses speaking about clashes

Thousands of civilians have been seeking shelter at United Nations facilities in South Sudan to escape fighting that has flared in the capital, Juba, and the demand for a safe haven has grown so great that the crowds are spilling outside of the gates.

As my colleague Isma’il Kushkush reported, political tension has hung over the fledgling country for months, and on Monday, President Salva Kiir said soldiers loyal to the former vice president of South Sudan tried to overthrow the government.

On Tuesday, Hilde Johnson, the United Nations secretary general’s special representative at the United Nations mission in South Sudan, spoke to the British Broadcasting Corporation about the situation:

We have approximately 12,000 civilians that have sought shelter in the two UNMISS compounds we have in Juba. We also have people that have been given protection outside our gates because we cannot accommodate many more. It is a major logistical challenge. However, the most critical issue now is that they are safe, protected, can receive water, and if there is any critical medical needs that they are catered for, but we all would like to see everyone return home.

As another day of fighting was reported, the airport was closed, a curfew imposed and communications shut down. The United States mission in Juba said it could not operate as normal and was evacuating nonessential personnel, while its Twitter feed became a source of description about what was happening in the capital area.

Virginia Moncrieff, a journalist in South Sudan, wrote of heavy gunfire late into the night and forecast that many people would try to leave.

While some witnesses have spoken of ethnically driven violence, the numbers of casualties have been hard to pin down, even from official sources.

South Sudan’s information minister, Michael Makuei Lueth, told civilians seeking refuge at the United Nations mission to return to their homes. He also said he could confirm that 75 people had died in the fighting in the capital. The United Nations mission posted his statement on its Facebook page.

Sudan’s information minister calling on civilians to return to their homes.

Eye Radio Juba also posted updates on its Twitter feed,@EyeRadioJuba, from the minister about the number of deaths, but it was not clear where the final death toll stood.

Radio Miraya, affiliated with the United Nations in South Sudan, reported on some of the injuries.

Hannah McNeish, a journalist based in East Africa, wrote extensively about the latest unrest and shared some of the reporting on Twitter as well.

The State Department deputy spokeswoman Marie Harf said in a briefing, in response to a question on Monday in Washington, that the United States was concerned about the fighting spreading in the region.

“Well, we certainly don’t want that to be the case,” she said. “That’s why we’re calling on all parties to resolve their differences through peaceful means. But certainly it’s something we’re concerned about and watching.”

Follow Christine Hauser on Twitter @christineNYT.